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D3.6: Study on ID Documents

Scope and Structure of the Document  Title:
 Basic Technologies for ID Documents


Categorisation of ID Documents

Looking into current and planned implementations, two general concepts for eID documents in Europe can be distinguished: 


  • Solutions bound to a specific implementation on a certain card; these implementations require a specific card, in some cases specific reader technologies and linkage to a specific back office technology. Examples are the Belgian ID card or the German e-health card. 

  • Solutions basing on certificates and procedures which are not bound to a specific card; these implementations do not require a specific card because a standardised back office technology such as PKI or PKI in combination with additional procedures is used. To carry the necessary certificates or other information needed for procedural purposes, a variety of commercially available card solutions can be used; this includes in some cases even SIM cards of mobile phones. Examples of this type are the Austrian “Bürgerkarte”, the FineID Card and the German JobCard procedure. 


Current implementations, prototypes and concepts cover a large range of purposes. Currently the most important four among them are:



Purpose for / sector of use 


Official identification of a citizen of a state by passports or official identity cards 


Identification of an individual/company and electronic signing for e-government and / or e-commerce applications; remark: PKI integration needed 


Identification of an individual and transfer of or access to sensitive data in the e-health sector (e-health cards) 


Identification of an individual and transfer of or access to sensitive data for social insurance purposes 

Table : Purposes of ID documents


Existing solutions, concepts and prototypes cover one or more of these purposes. 



Scope and Structure of the Document  fidis-wp3-del3.6.study_on_id_documents_03.sxw  Basic Technologies for ID Documents
Denis Royer 5 / 56