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D12.1 Kick-off Workshop  Title:




Study on Emerging AmI Technologies - Mark Gasson

Brief synopsis: An introduction to the proposed scope of this deliverable, working time frame, deliverable outline and templates for contribution as well as initial division of tasks. Also an introduction to emerging human-machine interfaces for AmI such as Brain-Computer interfacing (BCIs) and implantable technologies was presented.


Nano-technologies and power supplies - Martin Meints

Brief synopsis: AmI concepts imply numerous sensors, actuators, computational devices and communicational infrastructure to link everything up. And all of these modules and components need electrical power … This presentation focused on describing

 the importance of energy supply, existing concepts, remaining problems and the need for further research and concluded with an introduction to nano-technology and its potential application in AmI environments.


Behaviour-based Authentication in the Built Environment 


Brief synopsis: Discussion of a real implementation of an AmI environment which allows the strong dependency of authentication mechanisms on the use of credentials to be relaxed and security tightened by continuously authenticating users in an unobtrusive manner. This is possible because people exhibit certain behavioural patterns and concise behavioural signatures can be used to strengthen security.




Which Law on European Union and International Level can be relevant and specifically problematic with regard to EMT’s in the field of Privacy, Identity, Security and Ambient Intelligence? Are there new issues? - Wim Schreurs

Brief synopsis: Presentation of a methodology to derive i) a list of relevant emerging technologies to discuss from a legal point of view and ii) a list of relevant European and International Law  to discuss with regard to the emerging technologies.



AmI and the Grid - Vassiliki Andronikou

Brief synopsis: An introduction to the ‘Grid’ technology, and its potential application in AmI environments as an enabling technology. The mobile Grid was presented and issues of context-awareness and a discussion on how ‘Grid’ technology can cater to the main system requirements of AmI, i.e. working AmI needs a lot of resources in terms of Computing Power and Storage available as well as Data especially at places which are normally not high computing centres (like Bars, the Smart Home etc.) The Goal of Grid Computing perfectly matches these requirements, although security problems within Grid Computing still remain open


Holistic Privacy Framework for RFID Applications - Simone Fischer-Hübner

Brief synopsis: An introduction to the proposed scope of this deliverable, working time frame, deliverable outline and templates for contribution as well as an initial division of tasks. Discussion of the motivation and objectives of the deliverable, i.e. raise awareness of project participants, policy makers, providers/deverlopers of RFID applications/technology and contribute to the debate on RFID policies by providing an integrated interdisciplanary perspective on privacy problems and approaches to privacy-enhanced solutions



Privacy and data protection issues of RFID applications 


Brief synopsis: In RFID applications, when do data protection issues arise?

 And do provisions of the sector-specific legislation on privacy and electronic communications apply? A description of a potential contribution to and legal evaluation of the proposed holistic solutions was developed.



Ambient Law applied to RFID - Wim Schreurs

Brief synopsis: AmI requires that the law is ambient & intelligent as well, thus present in an invisible and automated way, in the advantage of the user and adaptive (adaptation of the world to the user and not of the user to the world). Ambient Law


  1. Ambientis about the integration of legal and technological tools for the effective protection of privacy & security, autonomy and user control (e.g. P3P, the integration of law in technology, privacy by design, privacy by default). Thus we require Ambient Law & RFID via M2M communication that enables: Enforcement of mandatory rules of Data Protection Directive 95/46 & Privacy & Electronic Communications Directive 2002/58 (Data Protection Principles).


From AmI to MAmI - a possible paradigm shift - Stefan Köpsell

Brief synopsis: Current AmI architectures & related Privacy Problems, i.e. user centralised identity management in combination with mobile devices

  1. . Proposal for architectural changes: Mobile AmI (MAmI) where sensors are carried by the user rather than built into the environment. If the environment asks the user controlled sensors for the needed data then the user is in control of the collected data with benefits for privacy and other problems are solvable as well: processing power, power consumption etc. 

Engineering sensors for AmI to be mobile instead of being fixed makes AmI much easier to tailor and adapt (no size fits all) or even personalise, deploy (cars are easier to innovate than railways) and secure (multilateral: conflicts of interests are the norm, not the exception in pluralistic democracies – and some would say in each and every society). How sensors are networked and controlled (both favourably exclusively by means of “repeaters” humans take with them) is an essential means to reconcile ease (AmI) and security and privacy (user control). 


Lower network layers’ implications -  

Oskar Senft 

Brief synopsis: A discussion about how lower network layers contain linkable data which allow the possibility to identify a user (person), track mobility, track device usage, etc.



An anthropological approach of technology and society -

Daniela Cerqui 

Brief synopsis: Social and cultural anthropologists are involved in the study of differences between human cultures, and in the study of what human beings may have in common despite these differences. One common thing is the use of technology, as there is absolutely no human culture without it. Therefore, the study of the relationship between technology on the one hand, and society – and more fundamentally humankind – on the other hand, is a relevant topic. This was discussed at length, especially with reference to technological neutralism and determinism.


FIDIS, AmI and emerging technologies: Where are we going? -

Kevin Warwick 

Brief synopsis: Discussion: Whilst FIDIS has to consider how today’s technology is used, and the consequences it entails, we have to cast a critical eye to the future – technology is developing at an unprecedented rate, so where will we be in ten, twenty, thirty years time? Indications are that technology will move towards a human/machine symbiosis, where the two entities are physically and intimately linked together







. How will society deal with this progression, and what questions does this raise from a security, privacy and identity perspective? 


D12.1 Kick-off Workshop  fidis-wp12-del12.1.workshop.sxw  Conclusions
Denis Royer 6 / 10