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Definitions  Title:
 Forensic profiling in its context


Definition of forensic profiling

In other FIDIS tasks, the terms forensic and profiling have been addressed separately.  

Forensic: « The term forensic, as used in this report, refers to information that is used in court as evidence » (Geradts and Sommer, 2006) p.10. However, there are various definitions and acceptations of forensic sciences. We will consider here that forensic science is the study of traces resulting from criminal or litigious activities. This is an extension of the definition, according that traces are information not strictly dedicated to the court, but also that may bring knowledge in broader domains linked to security that deal with investigation, intelligence, surveillance, or risk analysis .

Profiling: “The process of ‘discovering’ correlations between data in data bases that can be used to identify and represent a human or nonhuman subject (individual or group), and/or the application of profiles (sets of correlated data) to individuate and represent a subject or to identify a subject as a member of a group or category”  p. 41. Data mining technology is generally considered as a mean by which relevant patterns are discovered and profiles are generated from large quantities of data.

We consider that forensic profiling consist in the exploitation of traces in order to draw profiles that must be relevant to the context of supporting various security tasks, mostly in the criminal justice system. A distinction of forms of profiles that are used in this context is necessary before evaluating applications of data mining techniques for forensic profiling.  



Definitions  fidis-wp6-del6.7c.Forensic_Profiling.sxw  Forensic profiling in its context
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