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Conclusion  Identification versus anonymity in e-government
 Anonymization of official statistical data



Legislation and agreements 

[National Registry Act 1983] Law of 8 August 1983 on the organization of a Registry of natural persons, Belgian State Gazette 21 April 1984. 

[Crossroads Bank for Social Security Act 1990] Law of 15 January 1990 on the creation and the organization of a Crossroads Bank for Social Security, Belgian Sate Gazette 22 February 1990, err. 2 June 1990, err. 2 October 1990. 

[Crossroads Bank for Enterprises Act 2003] Law of 16 January 2003 on the creation of a Crossroads Bank for Enterprises, on the modernization of the trade register, on the creation of recognized companies’ dockets and on diverse rules, Belgian State Gazette 5 February 2003. 

[Vanvelthoven 2006a] Policy letter of the federal Minister competent for eGovernment, Peter VANVELTHOVEN,, 2005.

[Vanvelthoven 2006b] Policy letter of the federal Minister competent for Employment, Peter VANVELTHOVEN, on the topic of informatics and the government:, 2006.

[Data Protection Act 1992] Law of 8 December 1992 on Privacy Protection in relation to the Processing of Personal Data, Belgian State Gazette 18 March 1993, as modified by the law of 11 December 1998 implementing Directive 95/46/EC, Belgian State Gazette 3 February 1999, and the law of 26 February 2003, Belgian State Gazette 26 June 2003. 

[Data Protection Directive 1995] Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data on the free movement of such data, Official Journal of the European Communities, L 281, 23 November 1995, 31-50. 

[Reform of the Data Protection Act 1998] Act of 11 December 1998 on the transposition of the [Data Protection Directive], Belgian State Gazette 3 February 1999. 

Case Law 

[Decision Sectoral Committee RRN 6 July 2005] Decision of the Sectoral Committee of the Belgian National Registry on the demand of FEDICT to use the National Registry Number for its user management, number SA2/RN/2005/023/006berdef, 6 July 2005, available at:, last visited: 26 February 2006.

[Decision Sectoral Committee RRN 6 September 2006] Decision of the Sectoral Committee of the Belgian National Registry on the demand of the Royal Federation of Belgian Notaries to receive access to the National Registry number for user management, number SA2/RN/2006/023, 6 September 2006, available at:, last visited: 12 October 2006.

[Decision Sectoral Committee RRN 1 March 2006c] Decision of the Sectoral Committee of the Belgian National Registry on the demand the National Chamber of Bailiffs to receive access in its own name and acting as proxy for its members to the information data of the National Registry and to use the identification number of the National Registry, a.o. in the context of implementing art. 139 and 140 of the Mortgage law (Hypotheekwet), participation in the Phenix-project and the system of eBailiff, number SA2/RN/2006/003, 1 March 2006, available at:, last visited: 29 March 2006.

[Advice Privacy Commission 10 June 2002] Advice of the Belgian Privacycommission on a law proposal to modify the law of 8 August 1983 (National Registry Act) and the law of 19 July 1991 (Population Registry Act), number 10/A/2002/003, 10 June 2002, available at:, last visited: 10 May 2006.

[Advice Privacy Commission 21 October 2004] Advice of the Belgian Privacycommission on article 133 and 134 of the Program law of 8 April 2003 about identification documents, number A/2006/003, 24 May 2006, available at:, last visited: 12 October 2006.


[BAUER 2005] M. BAUER, M. MEINTS, M. HANSEN (eds.), ‘D3.1, Structured Overview on Prototypes and Concepts of Identity Management Systems’, Deliverable 3.1 of the EU Funded FIDIS project available at:, 15 September 2005, last visited: 20 August 2006.

[BUCHTA 2005] A. BUCHTA, J. DUMORTIER and H. KRASEMANN, ’The Legal and Regulatory Framework for PRIME’, in S. FISHER-HUEBNER, CH. ANDERSSON and TH. HOLLEBOOM (eds.), ‘PRIME D 14.1.a: Framework V1’, available at: , 13 June 2005, last visited: 13 June 2005, 101-150.

[CLARKE 1999] R. CLARKE: ‘Introduction to Dataveillance and Information Privacy, and Definitions of Terms’, available at:, 16 September 1999, last visited: 7 November 2005.

[CHAMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES WORKSHOP 2004] Belgian Chamber of Representatives, ‘The topic of the role of the legislator in the information society’, Workshop report published online at:, 8 March 2004, accessed 18 April 2006.

[DE BOT 2001] D. DE BOT, ‘Verwerking van persoonsgegevens’, Kluwer, Antwerpen, 2001, p. 23.

[DE BOT 2005] D. DE BOT, ‘Privacybescherming bij e-government in België. Een kritische analyse van het Rijksregister, de Kruispuntbank van Ondernemingen en de elektronische identiteitskaart.’, Vandenbroele, Brugge, 2005, 469 p.

[DE COCK, WOLF, PRENEEL, 2006] WOLF, B. PRENEEL, ‘The Belgian Electronic Identity Card’, Chapter 5.6 of FIDIS deliverable 3.6, published online at:, 31 March 2006, accessed 28 June 2006.

[DE COCK 2006] Presentation by D. DE COCK, ‘Derived structures – conceptual framework. Third MODINSI IDM workshop’, published online at:, 9 February 2006, accessed 5 March 2006.

[DEPREST AND ROBBEN 2003] J. DEPREST, F. ROBBEN, ‘eGovernment: the approach of the Belgian federal administration’, published online at:, June 2003, accessed 20 June 2006.

[DUMORTIER 2003] J. DUMORTIER, C. GOEMANS and M. LONCKE, General report of the legal issues, Deliverable D4 of the APES project, available at, March 2003, last visited: 25 April 2005.

[FEDICT 2002] X., ‘De Universal Messaging Engine Versie 2’, published online at:,25 February 2002, accessed 20 June 2006.

[HILDEBRANDT 2005b] M. HILDEBRANDT, S. GUTWIRTH and P. DE HERT (eds.), `Fidis Deliverable 7.4, Implications of profiling practices on democracy and rule of law’, available at:; 5 September 2005, last visited: 15 September 2006.

[HODGES 2006] J. HODGES (ed.), ‘Liberty Technical Glossary’, published online at:, 9 June 2006, accessed 15 June 2006.

[IDA 2004] X. ‘IDA Authentication Policy. Basic policy for establishing the appropriate authentication mechanisms in sectoral networks and projects.’, published online at:, 8 July 2004, accessed 20 October 2006.

[ITU-T 2005] X, ‘Security Compendium Part 2 - Approved ITU-T Security Definitions’, available at:, May 2005, last visited: 20 April 2006.

[KOOPS 2001] B-J. KOOPS, ‘Een nieuwe GBA, digitale kluisjes en identificatiedrang’, Nederlands Juristenblad, 2001, 1555-1561.

[KSZ 2005] X.,, accessed 24 October 2005.

[MACDONALD 2003] M. MACDONALD, ‘Data Registries Comparison Report’,, March 2003, accessed 20 August 2006.

[MEINTS 2006] M. MEINTS and M. HANSEN (eds.), ‘FIDIS D3.6 Study on ID Documents’, Deliverable 3.6 of the EU funded FIDIS project, available at:, December 2006, last visited: 16 January 2007.

[MODINIS-IDM 2005]    X., ‘Modinis IDM Terminology Paper’, published online at:, 23 November 2005, accessed 22 December 2005.

[MODINIS IDM 2006]     X., ‘Modinis IDM Conceptual Framework v.1.1’, available at:, 18 September 2006, last visited: 18 September 2006.

[PFITZMANN 2006] A. PFITZMANN, M. HANSEN, ‘Anonymity, Unlinkability, Unobservability, Pseudonymity, and Identity Management – A Consolidated Proposal for Terminology’, published online at:, 20 February 2006, accessed 20 February 2006.

[RFC3281] X., ‘An Internet Attribute Certificate Profile for Authorization’, published online at:, April 2002, accessed 20 May 2006.

[RFC3198] X. ‘Terminology for Policy-Based Management’, published online at:, November 2001, accessed 20 May 2006.

[ROBBEN 2004a] F. ROBBEN, ‘EGovernment: the approach of the Belgian federal administration’, published online at:, 10 November 2004, accessed 22 October 2005.

[ROBBEN 2004b] F. ROBBEN, ‘EGovernment in the Belgian social security sector: a successful combination of back-office integration and an e-portal solution’, published online at:, 13 May 2004, accessed 25 October 2006.

 [ROBBEN 2005a] F. ROBBEN: ‘1st Modinis Workshop on Identity Management in EGovernment’, published online at:, 4 May 2005, accessed 30 March 2006.

[ROBBEN 2005b] F. Robben, ‘eGovernment in the Social Security Sector’, published online at:, 24 February 2005, accessed 22 October 2006.

[ROBBEN 2006] F. ROBBEN, ‘eGovernment’, available at:, 27 March 2006, last visited: 1 April 2006.

[SLONE 2004]     S. SLONE, ‘Identity Management. A white paper.’, published online at:, March 2004, accessed 18 August 2006.

[STRICKX 2004] P. STRICKX, J. JOCHMANS, ‘Richtlijnen en aanbevelingen voor het gebruik van open standaarden en/of open specificaties bij de federale overheidsbesturen’, published online at:, 6 October 2004, accessed 10 April 2006.

[WESTIN 1970] A.F. WESTIN, ‘Privacy and Freedom’, New York (USA), Atheneum, 1970, 487 p. 



Conclusion  fidis-wp5.del5.4-anonymity-egov_01.sxw  Anonymization of official statistical data
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